syndic n : one appointed to represent a city or university or corporation in business transactions
- a government official, a magistrate, especially one of
the Chief Magistrates of Geneva
- 1923: ‘To-morrow, after the midday prayer, mount an ass and make for the Habbānīyah quarter and there enquire for the house of the syndic Barakah, known as Abū Shāmah.’ — The Thousand Nights and One Night, tr. Powys Mathers
EtymologyFrom late Latin syndicus ‘delegate of a corporation’, from Greek συνδικος ‘defendant’s advocate’, from συν− + the base of δικη ‘judgement’, δεικνυσθαι ‘show’.
- a syndic
Syndic (Late Lat. syndicus, Gr. σύνδικος, one who helps in a court of justice, an advocate, representative), a term applied in certain countries to an officer of government with varying powers, and secondly to a representative or delegate of a university, institution or other corporation, entrusted with special functions or powers.
The meaning which underlies both applications is that of representative or delegate. Du Cange (Gloss, s.v. Syndicus), after defining the word as defensor, fair onus, advocatus, proceeds "Syndici maxime appellantur Actores universitatum, collegiorum, societatum et aliorum corporum, per quos, tanquam in republica quod communiter agi fierive oportet, agitur et fit," and gives several examples from the 13th century of the use of the term. The most familiar use of "syndic" in the first sense is that of the Italian sindico, who is the head of the administration of a commune, answering to a "mayor"; he is a government official but is elected by the communal council from their own members by secret ballot.
The president of Andorra's parliament is known as the sindic. Until the 1993 Constitution, the sindic was the effective head of government of Andorra.
Nearly all companies, guilds, and the University of Paris had representative bodies the members of which were termed syndici. Similarly in England, the Regent House of the University of Cambridge, which is the legislative body, delegates certain functions to special committees of its members, appointed from time to time by Grace (a proposal offered to the Regent House and confirmed by it); these committees are termed "syndicates" and are permanent or occasional, and the members are styled "the syndics" of the particular committee or of the institution which they administer; thus there are the syndics of the Fitzwilliam Museum, of the Cambridge University Press, of local examinations, etc.
syndic in German: Syndikus
syndic in Spanish: Síndico
syndic in Lithuanian: Juristas
syndic in Japanese: インハウスローヤー
syndic in Portuguese: Síndico